Acknowledgments [Page ix] I can only indicate here a few of those who have, in various ways, helped me.
The advancement of technology dissolves international boundaries and opens cultures to a whole new arena Smith,enabling globalization to occur. Globalization can be an empowering entity.
It can interconnect the world, support economic developmentprovide information availability and assist in developing a global village Moahi, There is a paradoxical dichotomy, a tangible undercurrent, when it comes to globalization and cultural diversity. On one hand, globalization has the potential to mobilize and empower people, provide a means for self-representation, support a collective identity through socialization and provide employment opportunities.
On the other hand, it has the ability to disempower people by misrepresentationprovide a process for further colonizationand propel the loss of individualism and self and group identity. Political theorist Fredric Jameson presents this as two competing future visions: Influences Globalization provides both positive and negative influences on cultural diversity which can have far reaching impacts.
Negative Influences Due to the unprecedented access to cultures, a much wider audience than ever before has a gateway to see, hear and experience phenomena that were never accessible previously Smith, Misrepresentationstereotyping and the risk of loss of cultural and intellectual property rights are the consequences of unmonitored access.
There are a number of negative impacts globalization has had on cultural diversityincluding the influence multinational corporations have on promoting a consumer culture, exploitation of workers and markets and influencing societal values. This increased availability of commercial media and products can "drown out" local cultural influences.
Loss of individualism and group identity occur when globalization encourages a 'Western ideal of individualism'. This promotes a homogeneous set of values and beliefs. The adoption of Western Culture and ideologies is seen as many computer-mediated technologies are developed, marketed and processed via western markets.
Kanuka also cites that e-learning technologies perpetuates colonization by designing curriculum that mimics the cognitive styles of the dominant culture. Not having access to technologies that are present in the classroom, combined with an education system geared toward the dominant society can be a lethal combination for non-dominant cultures.
The present education, legal and power structures reflect western ideas and philosophies. These western ideas are easily assimilated into other cultures and paradigms with far reaching effects.
There is an assumption that the values and ideologies of the "Global North" will provide a suitable framework for the new knowledge economies of the developing "Global South" Youngman, Globalization allows further colonization which impacts intellectual property and cultural rights.
Global access to information has opened the gateway to acquiring cultural property and information. These icons of a culture are viewed as a living heritage and are an integral part of identity Smith, Using images, reselling them and mis-representing these rights are considered property theft and a heinous crime against communities.
It is difficult to monitor or control what is out on the Internet and therefore difficult to prevent and prosecute appropriately. Positive Influences The technological global mecca can be empowering for various cultures as it allows self-representation and information sharing on a whole new level.
Technology provides a medium where depiction of images and portrayals of self-identity can provide the means in which truism can be established. Global media centres allow cultures a distinctive voice to promote awareness and provide public knowledge and understanding of their stories and identities.
It also allows for the communication of their relevant accounts and commentaries on issues that are important in preserving the culture and knowledge acquisition of cultural ways - allowing them to retain their diversity. Being in charge of their own media production companies allows control of their artifactssigns and symbols that are regarded as cultural property.
When cultures are in control of their own public images they are better equipped to manage and represent their images appropriately without misrepresentation.
Instead of destroying some cultures, as others predicted, mass media assists in the revitalizing and restoring of cultural preservation of nations Ginsburg, Technology can be used to preserve languagecustoms and culture. Technology allows for self-representation and preservation of personal and collective identity by providing autonomy and empowerment.
Global technology has provided the opportunity to redefine collective identity along with identifying a place for distinctive cultures.
Global social, political and economic networks, combined with common goals, will no doubt enable the emerging empowerment among cultural peoples Smith, This is far more advantageous than individual communities or groups coming forward to raise global or local concerns.
Global positioning of cultural groups allows social and political power that has previously not been seen. Middle East and North Africa empowerment of civil society networks that were developed through the availability of technology, have afforded the possibility to overcome political and geographical boundaries resulting in international support for democracy, health, environment and development issues.
The recent Egyptian Revolution. A major part of these revolutions can be attributed to social networking and information exchanges made possible by networking platforms like Facebook and Twitter. These avenues provide information sharing on a whole new level.Zones of theory in the anthropology of the This theme of writing against culture reverberated Arab world.
Annual Review of Anthropology, 18, in her third ethnography, Dramas of Nationhood, – May 07, · Create your citations, reference lists and bibliographies automatically using the APA, MLA, Chicago, or Harvard referencing styles.
It's fast and free! Women Writing Culture will prove as stimulating for our time as its great predecessor, Women, Culture and Society was for the s."—Jose E. Limon, University of Texas "A groundbreaking book—provocative, illuminating, imaginative—and it is a pleasure to read.
Lila Abu‐Lughod proposes that a mitigated reification of culture could be accomplished through “writing against culture” that focuses on the interconnections between the positionality of where culture and development coalesce to create an environment in which human potential Abu‐Lughod, Lila.
“Writing against Culture. 2) what and how does performance "create"? what analytic frameworks and tools are used to understand the performative and expressive traditions under consideration?
and finally, 3) how are fieldwork and ethnographic writing "performed" (with the implication that performance creates) in each of. A note on the text. This translation was published by Premier Printing LTD of Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Christ and Culture is the English translation of Schilder's Christus en over against the anti-christian philosophy of National-Socialism, led to.