Brook is a Professor of Pediatrics at Georgetown University. The blog contains information about head and neck cancer, life as a laryngectomee, and manuscripts and videos about Dr. Brook's personal experience as a patient with throat cancer. Brook's diagnosis, treatment, and recovery from throat cancer.
Discolored areas of the skin, called mottled pigmentation Sallowness -- a yellow discoloration of the skin Telangiectasias -- the dilation of small blood vessels under the skin Elastosis -- the destruction of the elastic and collagen tissue causing lines, wrinkles and sagging skin What Causes Skin Cancer?
Skin cancer is the most prevalent form of all cancers in the U. It is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal skin cells. This rapid growth results in tumors, which are either benign noncancerous or malignant cancerous. There are three main types of skin cancer: Also referred to as non-melanoma skin cancers, they are highly curable when treated early.
Left untreated, it can spread to other organs and is difficult to control. Continued Ultraviolet UV radiation from the sun is the number-one cause of skin cancer, but UV light from tanning beds is just as harmful.
Exposure to sunlight during the winter months puts you at the same risk as exposure during the summertime, because UVA rays are present in daylight. Cumulative sun exposure causes mainly basal cell and squamous cell skin cancer, while episodes of severe sunburns, usually before age 18, can raise the risk of developing melanoma.
Other less common causes are repeated X-ray exposure and occupational exposure to certain chemicals. Who Is at Risk for Skin Cancer? Although anyone can get skin cancer, the risk is greatest for people who have fair or freckled skin that burns easily, light eyes and blond or red hair.
Darker skinned individuals are also susceptible to all types of skin cancer, although their risk is substantially lower. Aside from complexion, other risk factors include having a family history or personal history of skin cancer, having an outdoor job and living in a sunny climate. A history of severe sunburns and an abundance greater than 30 of large and irregularly-shaped moles are risk factors unique to melanoma.
What Are the Symptoms of Skin Cancer? The most common warning sign of skin cancer is a change on the skin, typically a new mole or skin lesion or a change in an existing mole. Basal cell carcinoma may appear as a small, smooth, pearly or waxy bump on the face, ears or neck, or as a flat pink, red or brown lesion on the trunk or arms and legs.
Squamous cell carcinoma can appear as a firm, red nodule, or as a rough, scaly flat lesion that may bleed and become crusty. Both basal cell and squamous cell cancers mainly occur on areas of the skin frequently exposed to the sun, but can occur anywhere.
Melanoma usually appears as a pigmented patch or bump but can also be red or white. It may resemble a normal mole, but usually has a more irregular appearance. Evolving - any new spot or mole that is changing in color, shape or size Continued How is Skin Cancer Diagnosed?
Skin cancer is usually diagnosed by performing a biopsy. This involves taking a sample of the tissue, which is then placed under a microscope and examined by a dermatopathologist, or doctor who specializes in examining skin tissue.
How is Skin Cancer Treated? Standard treatments for non-melanoma skin cancer basal cell or squamous cell carcinomas include:Get information on melanoma (skin cancer) signs, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and symptoms. Learn about staging, early detection, treatment side effects, prevention, metastatic melanoma, and see pictures of this form of skin cancer.
Discover what melanoma in situ is and how it is diagnosed and treated. 12 Signs of Skin Cancer Daily Health Life Styles.
Cancer treatments may cause a range of skin and nail changes. Talk with your health care team to learn whether or not you will have these changes, based on the treatment you are receiving.
Sudden or severe itching, a rash, or hives during chemotherapy.
These may be signs of an allergic reaction. Most people have at least some side effects during cancer treatment. But many cancer survivors are surprised when they still have side effects after treatment has ended.
These are called late or long-term effects. Continued. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun is the number-one cause of skin cancer, but UV light from tanning beds is just as harmful. Exposure to sunlight during the winter months puts you. How can the answer be improved?Tell us how.